Ear drainage occurs due to the presence of fluids that have accumulated behind the eardrum as a result of an infection in the ear. Due to the infection, there is blood or puss that emanates from the ear. The fluid discharged is foul smelling, thick and also chunky, depending on the infection type. In case the discharge is yellow in color, associated with fever and headache, the condition is dangerous and medical attention should be sort fast enough.
The ear drainage in adult has three diverse diagnoses. These are:
- Non-Purulent Otorhea – This has forms like CNS liquid outflow, invasive otitis externa, and the swimmers ear.
- Purulent Otorhea – This condition includes malignant otitis and acute supputative otitis media.
- Bloody Otorhea – this condition results from the trauma emanating from the ear canal, center ear or infection.
In adults, ear drainage can be caused by growth of tumor behind the eardrum. After their growth, they rapture releasing yellowish or reddish fluid from the ear. The fluid foul smellscauses discomfort to an individual.
How to clear ear drainage
Ear drainage should be cleaned using the correct technique as improper method can lead to more damages to the ear. By irritating the ear passage some of the drainage can be eliminated. The steps involved in clearing the drainage canal are simple and good to follow to get the optimum results. They include:
- Know the discharge that is coming out of your ear. In case it is yellowish or brownish and smells stinking, the infection might be bacterial thus requiring just antibiotics to cure it. They can perform the task without any canal irrigation within a short period of time.
- Fill a bulb syringe with water that has room temperature or a solution of saline. The saline solution is the most appropriate as it is more pure.
- Align your head in a vertical position and squeeze the bulb syringe into the ear canal injecting the solution. You should allow it to last for few seconds and then tilt the head to the other side for it to flow out. It should drain out together with debris contained in the canal. Repeat this step severally until all drainage is cleaned.
- Dry the outer ear using bud of cotton ensuring there is no contact with the ear canal.
- For regular treatment, mix the vinegar and alcohol in equal proportion complete dryness of the ear canal.
What are the Causes of ear drainage?
- Ear Drainage Caused by a Ruptured Ear Drum
Eardrum rupture can be caused by barotraumas, loud noises or infections and piercing using sharp objects. The drainage due to this always tends to be clear although it may have traces of blood. Also the drainage is in small amount. Always visit a doctor for better examination, of the condition although in most cases it heals by itself.
- Ear drainage caused by excessive wax
Ear wax drainage is mostly normal and it needs no intervention from any specialist. It is commonly caused by blockage of the ear and the symptoms associated with it include loss in hearing slightly and the feeling of pressure in the ear.
Ear drainage resulting from infection is mostly white or yellow and it has a foul smell. Additionally, one experiences pain and fever. You need to visit a specialist for checking and prescription of antibiotics to heal the infection.
- Ear drainage due to head injuries
This condition requires medical examination as it is dangerous. The drainage from the canal might either be clear or bloody. In case of large amount of clear drainage, it may be due to cerebral spinal liquid and it is an indication of damages to the brain, skull or the spine.
In case of problems with the ear drainage, usage of tubes is the best way to remove the drainage. Ear drainage through tubes is of help as all the discharges from the middle ear are able to be removed. The tube also aids in ensuring that air enters the middle ear thus reducing infections. The tube helps in bringing back to normalcy of hearing as they have no lengthy effect to the eardrum. The ear drainage following tube may appear either clear pink or bloody. This is because of the opening of the eardrum made from the middle ear. The effect is likely to last for two to four days after tubes are inserted.
When there is excess discharge of fluids from the ear, there is flow of ear drainage into esophagus. This is because the ear is connected to the throat by the Eustachian Tube. The tube may become infected or irritated because of the excess fluid produced. The throat becomes sore as a result of secretion of excess mucus and also due to viral infection. One should see the doctor as it is the best remedy towards treatment in case the symptoms persist.
The risks associated with ear drainage problem are loss of hearing. The drainage can cause complete blockage of the ear canal thus causing impartial hearing problem to the affected person. In children, there may be unfavorable effect in development of speech. Also, the affected person will suffer from severe pain incase water gets its way into the ear. This makes one to spend a lot of time sleeping due to it effect. Another problem associated with ear drainage is feeling of dizziness and the ability of maintain balance. The ear is a key organ that assists in maintaining of one’s balance and if infected, maintaining it becomes a problem.
In conclusion, taking care of your ear is a key thing as it is very sensitive. You should always check the type of drainage that it is removing so that you can know the condition it is at. If you get that the drainage is persistent, you are advised to seek medical attention to be able to diagnose the exact problem of your ear.